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What Are The Different Types Of Kitchen Layouts?

A Bosch kitchen

Deciding on a kitchen layout is an essential part of planning your new kitchen. The layout that you decide on will depend on factors such as the shape and size of your kitchen space, your preferences, and the budget you have available. 

In this article we will cover all of the different types of kitchen layouts, and each of their advantages and disadvantages. We will also discuss all of the factors that should be considered before you make your final decision.

Types of Kitchen Layouts

One-wall Kitchen

One-Wall Kitchen Layout

A one-wall kitchen is a layout in which all of the appliances and cabinets are arranged in one simple line. It is the smallest type of kitchen layout, making it ideal for small spaces. They can still work for larger spaces as well, providing you with a spacious area.

Galley Kitchen

Galley Kitchen Layout

A galley kitchen has cabinets and appliances on two opposite sides, with an aisle running down the centre. Some galley kitchens can provide you with a pass-through space, whereas others will have a dead end. The layout of your home will depend on which option is possible. Galley kitchens work great for those with small or narrow spaces, however they can work for larger areas too.

L-shaped Kitchen

An L-Shaped kitchen

An L-shaped kitchen is a kitchen layout in the shape of an L. Kitchen appliances and cabinets in an L- shaped kitchen are arranged on two adjacent walls. This is a popular kitchen layout choice, with its shape being equally suited for both large and small kitchens.

U-shaped kitchen

A U-shaped kitchen

A U-shaped kitchen looks like the letter U. With this kitchen layout, the kitchen appliances and cabinets are positioned across three adjacent walls. This layout is great for maximising both storage and countertop space.

Island Kitchen

An L-shaped kitchen with an island

An island kitchen is simply a kitchen that has an island. A kitchen island is a freestanding cabinet or countertop that can be accessed from all sides. An island can be used for cooking, preparation, or dining. Therefore, it provides your kitchen with additional workspace and storage space.

It is possible to combine other kitchen layouts with a kitchen island, depending on the space available.

G-Shaped Kitchen/Peninsula

A G-shaped, or peninsula, kitchen layout

A G-shaped kitchen layout looks like the letter G. It has four sides of cabinets, with the fourth side usually being a peninsula. A peninsula is similar to an island, but one of the sides is attached to a wall or cabinet. Not all G-shaped kitchens have a peninsula though. Sometimes all 4 sides have cabinets that are against a wall. This will depend on the shape and size of your kitchen space.

Factors to Consider When Choosing a Kitchen Layout

Size and Shape of the Room

The size and shape of your room is the most crucial factor to consider when deciding on a kitchen layout. For example, if you have a small and/or narrow kitchen space, you’re likely not going to have the space for an island or peninsula. Kitchens with limited wall space, sloping ceilings, or with tricky features will also limit your options.

It is therefore important to carefully plan your kitchen space before making any permanent decisions. Experienced kitchen designers and kitchen designing software are extremely helpful at this stage.

If you want to include an island in your kitchen, ensure you have the appropriate space. As a rule of thumb, you should allow a gap between 900-1,100+mm between your cabinets and island. This will give you ample space to open doors and drawers, and move past others.

The Kitchen Triangle

The kitchen triangle

The kitchen triangle is the space created between the sink, stove, and refrigerator. These appliances are used most often, and so should have a clear access and be unobstructed.

It’s also ideal to keep these items fairly close to each other. You want to aim for a short walking distance between each appliance, without them being on top of each other.

Not all kitchen layouts will easily accommodate the kitchen triangle though. And even if your kitchen layout can accommodate it, you shouldn’t feel obligated to stick to it. The creation of working zones are also an excellent choice when designing your kitchen.

The idea of working zones is creating areas with specific purposes so that your kitchen functions efficiently.

Some examples of kitchen working zones include:

  • Cooking
  • Washing Up
  • Meal Prep
  • Dining
  • Entertainment

Number of People Using the Kitchen

Grandmother baking with three grandchildren of different ages. One is a baby and is sat on the countertop.

The number of people you expect to be in your kitchen is also an important factor to consider. You want your kitchen to have an ideal flow, so that people aren’t getting in each other’s way. Designing working zones can effectively do this, however there are other things to consider.

Keeping children and guests away from dangerous areas in your kitchen is important. Therefore, we’d recommend placing your refrigerator close to the entrance of your kitchen. This will mean that they are able to access drinks or snacks without getting in your way, or needing to pass a hot stove or oven.

Another thing to consider is the path to the garden, or other pathways through the kitchen. Sometimes you need to pass through the kitchen to get to another area of your home. In these instances, a clear path should be created to lesson cooking obstructions as others pass through.

Style and Design Preferences

Your style and design preferences should ultimately determine the kitchen layout you decide on. For example, a U-shaped kitchen layout may be the most space efficient choice for your kitchen, but you may prefer the style of an L-shaped kitchen. In this case, you should go for what you’d prefer. Your kitchen layout should reflect your preferences and lifestyle.


Of course, your budget is key when designing a kitchen. Naturally, the more countertop and cabinet space you have, the more expensive your kitchen will be. We’d recommend calculating your maximum budget, and deciding on essential elements to your kitchen first. These essentials should be: cabinets, countertops, floors, lighting, and appliances. For more advice for working with a budget, read our Remodelling Your Kitchen On A Budget guide.

Pros and Cons of Each Layout

One-Wall Kitchen Pros and Cons

Kitchen with a one-wall kitchen layout and a Rangemaster range coooker


  1. Take up less space

One-wall kitchens can be great for small and large kitchens alike. They are usually found in smaller kitchens as they take up less space than other kitchen layouts. However, they can be utilised in larger kitchens to free up more space to be used in other ways, or to allow room for an island.

  1. Cheaper

One-wall kitchens are often cheaper thanks to their simple design and having fewer cabinets. This means that more of the budget can be spent on appliance upgrades or other areas of the home.

  1. Good workflow

Because of the simple layout, you often don’t need to move far to get to what you need. This means a one-wall kitchen can create an efficient workflow.


  1. Can become cramped

One of the problems with one-wall kitchens is that they can easily become cramped or busy when multiple people are working in it. So, although an efficient workflow can be created for one person, it quickly becomes less efficient with more people. This makes it less ideal if you have a big family or enjoy entertaining in the kitchen. 

  1. Decreased Home Value

If you’re planning on some day selling your home, a one-way kitchen may lower the value. This is because their limitations on storage and workflows can be less desirable for potential buyers.

  1. Limited storage

Storage space is often limited in one-wall kitchens. This is because one-wall kitchens usually have less cabinets and countertops than other kitchen layouts. If you have the space, a pantry or kitchen island may be needed.

Galley Kitchen Pros and Cons

White galley kitchen


  1. Efficient Use of Space

In a galley kitchen, everything you need for prepping and cooking a meal is usually within reach. This means it’s an ideal layout for creating a workflow. Galley kitchens can also have entrances on either side, increasing the ease of access. 

  1. Flexible Design

A galley kitchen can be designed to be open concept or closed concept. This will depend on the size and design of your home though. 

  1. Plenty of Work Space

2 people can easily work together in a galley kitchen due to having two walls of countertop space. It can also make working easier for one person, with them being able to easily move from one counter to the next.


  1. Often Narrow

Galley kitchens are often narrow. Although this makes it a great fit for a smaller kitchen, it can also mean there is less space for movement. Additionally, lighting a narrow space can be difficult. This is especially true if your galley kitchen has a closed design. 

  1. Limited Space for Multiple People

A galley kitchen will struggle to accommodate more than 2 people. This is because the narrow space does not allow for a lot of movement. A galley kitchen can therefore be less ideal for families or hosting guests. This problem can be solved by having an open concept kitchen though.

  1. Limited Storage

If you have a larger family, or simply need lots of kitchen storage, a galley kitchen may not provide you with it. Furthermore, depending on the layout of your home, it can be difficult to expand a galley kitchen to allow for more storage.

L-Shaped Kitchen Pros and Cons

White and grey l-shaped kitchen layout


  1. Plenty of Space

Being the most popular choice for many, an L-shaped kitchen is often the most ideal. One of these reasons is because it provides a lot of space. Multiple work zones can easily be created with this kitchen layout, with room to space out appliances. There is also plenty of room for multiple cooks and guests without feeling cramped. This means it’s ideal for families and hosting.

  1. Open Concept Design

L-shaped kitchens naturally lend themselves to an open concept design. This makes them feel more open and spacious than other kitchen layouts. Because they are so open, installing a kitchen island with this layout is easy. 

  1. Increased Home Value

With L-shaped kitchens being so popular and sought after, they will often increase the value of your home.


  1. Spaced Out Appliances

Although having the freedom to space out your appliances can be an advantage for some, it can be frustrating for others. When appliances are spaced out too far, cooks need to travel further distances when making a meal. However, if you are designing the layout of your kitchen yourself, this is something that can be avoided. 

  1. Increased Maintenance

L-shaped kitchens often have more countertop space. Although this is great, it does also mean that there is more to clean. It also means you have more area for clutter to build up. 

  1. Corner Cabinets

Because an L-shaped kitchen joins two adjacent cabinets together, it means you will have a corner cabinet. Corner cabinets are notorious for being difficult to store and easily access items. However, there are many options available to make this easier.

U-Shaped Kitchen Pros and Cons

U-shaped kitchen layout with wooden cabinets and brick walls.


  1. Lots of Counter Space

U-shaped kitchens come with lots of counter space. This means that you are able to create multiple working zones. If your kitchen is quite wide, it also means that you can accommodate multiple people in the kitchen. 

  1. Create Separation

If you have an open plan home, a U-shaped kitchen gives you the opportunity to create a separation for your kitchen. This is ideal for those who prefer a closed-in cooking space.

  1. Ample Storage

Because U-shaped kitchens take advantage of three walls, there are more opportunities for storage. Plus, if your kitchen is large enough, you may have space for a kitchen island. This will allow for even more storage, counter space, and seating.


  1. Increased Crowding

When installing a U-shaped kitchen into a narrow kitchen, the open area may feel cramped. This is particularly true when there are multiple people in the kitchen. To best present this, the design should aim to keep the open area as wide as possible.

  1. Corner Cabinets

As with an L-shaped kitchen, U-shaped layouts will also involve corner cabinets. It can be difficult to access things stored in a corner cabinet. However, there are ways that make this easier.

  1. Potential for Traffic Jams

Finally, traffic jams can often occur in U-shaped kitchens. If you have a wide kitchen this is less of a problem though. Narrow kitchen spaces can hinder the flow of people when multiple people are attempting to move in and out of the area.

Island Kitchen Pros and Cons

White and bright U-shaped kitchen with a large kitchen island.


  1. Increased counter space

Installing an island in your kitchen will provide you with increased countertop space. This can be used for prepping, small appliances, dining, or even integrating larger appliances into.

  1. Additional Storage

Of course, kitchen islands will also provide additional storage. Because islands can be accessed from all sides, this means you could have cabinet space all around it, if you so desired.

  1. Provides Seating Area

Kitchen islands can also be used as a defined seating area. Depending on the design of your kitchen, seats can be placed along one, or more of the sides.


  1. Workflow Disruption

As fantastic as kitchen islands can be, they can disrupt workflow. If your kitchen island interferes with the kitchen triangle or working zones, it can become difficult to move around as you need to. 

  1. Budget

Kitchen islands can be an expensive purchase. The larger the island, the more expensive they will be. Furthermore, some island finishes can be quite costly. Integrating appliances, such as hobs, into your kitchen island can also be expensive. Not only will you need to cover the installation costs, but you will need to have the required wiring and plumbing set-up. Some appliances will also require ventilation to be installed. 

  1. Space Constraints

Not everyone will have a kitchen big enough to fit a kitchen island. It is recommended that there is a gap of at least 900-1,100mm between the island and the counter space. Without this, you may be unable to open cabinet doors, or easily move around your kitchen.

Peninsula/G-Shaped Kitchen Pros and Cons

A G-shaped kitchen with a peninsula. The kitchen was wooden cabinets and an older style white oven.


  1. More Space

A fourth section of cabinet space that a G-shaped kitchen provides you with means more space. This space can be used for prepping, storage, or even dining. 

  1. Ideal for Narrow Kitchens

It is difficult, or even impossible, to install an island into a narrow kitchen. However, a small peninsula can give the same benefits without taking up too much space. 

  1. Provides Separation

If you have an open plan home, a G-shaped kitchen can act as a separator. This helps you to create a more defined kitchen area.


  1. Potential for Traffic Jams

Because G-shaped kitchens have four working sides, this means that there is often only one entrance into the space. Because of this, traffic jams can be created as multiple people try to move in and out. Designing a wide entry can help to manage the flow of people.

  1. Corner Cabinets

Once again, this kitchen layout will have corner cabinets. These can be difficult to access. However, taking this into consideration during design can help. Solutions such a turnstiles can make these easier. 

  1. Workflow Disruption

Peninsula’s, if placed poorly, can disrupt the workflow in the kitchen. If you have a larger kitchen space that can incorporate an island, this may be better than installing a peninsula. This is because you can create a natural flow all the way around it.


Choosing the right kitchen layout is an important decision when planning your kitchen. Whichever kitchen layout you choose, you should always consider your own specific needs. 

Factors such as room size, the number of people using the kitchen, style preferences, and your budget should all be taken into account when making your decision. Each layout has its pros and cons. So, it’s essential to balance your preferences with practical considerations.

Remember, your kitchen layout should reflect your unique lifestyle and make daily tasks more efficient. Take the time to plan and design your kitchen thoughtfully, and you’ll create a space that works perfectly for you.

For personalised advice, our friendly appliance experts are ready to assist on